Image by philwirks
Image by philwirks
10th Anniversary of 9-11. Commemoration Service
Image by US Embassy New Zealand
From U.S. Ambassador Huebner’s Blog Post:
Today I had the solemn honor of participating in a memorial service to commemorate the tenth anniversary of 9-11, at St Andrew’s Church in New Plymouth. Led by my friend the Reverend Kim Francis, the memorial drew more than 500 Kiwis, Americans, Irish, and others to pray, sing, remember, and show solidarity.
Our Marine Band joined St Andrew’s choir to provide music. I was joined at the front of the congregation by the entire USA Eagles team and other special friends including Mayor Harry Duynhoven and the Mayoress, MP Jonathan Young, and my colleagues Ambassador Frankie Reed, Special Representative Reta Jo Lewis, and ANP Desk Officer Michele Petersen.
Today is a challenging day, but the juxtaposition of solemn remembrance and exuberant sport is not as discordant as it may seem at first blush. It is essential that we remember the 3,000 people murdered on 9-11, but it is equally essential that we celebrate the resilience of the human spirit and the courage and strength of communities visited by tragedy. So we carry on.
Pastor Francis asked me to speak at the service. My colleagues suggested that I share my remarks with you, so here they are:
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There are rare days, maybe once every few generations, that galvanize the collective hearts and minds of humanity.
Days that dispel in a flash the billions of distractions of everyday life … that boil off, even if only temporarily, the political, religious, national, and cultural pretenses that we humans create to separate ourselves from each other.
Days that resonate deep inside us where the common core of our humanity exists, rather than on the surface where we live most of our earthly life.
9–11 was one of those days.
We watched live on television the brutal murders of 3,000 human beings from 90 different nations. They were people of all religious beliefs, all political viewpoints, young and old, men and women, gay and straight.
They were murdered by those preaching hatred, simply to instill fear.
And we reacted with near unanimous horror and sorrow.
The perpetrators of the carnage would wish us to relive that horror and feel that fear as we mark the tenth anniversary of the events of September 11, 2001. What we commemorate today, however, is not the fact that remorseless evil lives among us, something that even the most blinkered moral relativist already knows in his heart.
Instead, we commemorate the triumph of the human spirit … the common humanity, empathy, and self abnegation that set us apart from the other species on this planet.
We commemorate those police, fire, and rescue workers who raced into – rather than out of – collapsing buildings.
We commemorate those regular citizens who carried – rather than trampled – strangers as they themselves struggled down burning, smoke-filled, crumbling stairwells.
We commemorate the passengers of United Flight 93, including two American rugby players, who battled the hijackers in the aisle with coffee pots, cutlery, and shoes, broke into the cockpit, and crashed the airplane into a field in Pennsylvania, thus averting the destruction of the terrorists’ intended target, this planet’s iconic symbol of democratic self-determination, the US Capitol Building.
We commemorate those who survived the attacks, including my brother Rick, who was at the South Tower when the airplanes struck the World Trade Center.
And we remember all those we lost and their families and loved ones … not only those lost in the American Northeast on that day but all those lost on other days in Madrid, London, Bali, Nairobi, Dar es Salaam, Mumbai, Oklahoma City, Oslo, Jakarta, Manila, Kabul, Lahore, Baghdad, Kigali, and far too many other towns and cities.
But today, beyond sadness, we also commemorate, honor, and indeed celebrate the resilience and determination of communities around the world that have suffered attacks by violent extremists … communities that have pulled together and demonstrated that they are stronger than fear.
We commemorate, honor, and indeed celebrate the many people around the world working to prevent new attacks, to confront and overcome violent ideologies, and to address and combat the circumstances that create breeding grounds for violent extremism.
And finally, and I think most importantly, we commemorate, honor, and indeed celebrate what violent extremists themselves fear most: the great human instinct toward empathy, kindness, and solidarity.
As I find is often the case, the most trenchant commentary comes not from those who peddle words for a living. And the best example is found not among those who presume to lead from a safe, comfortable, and convenient distance.
I look somewhere quite different for inspiration and hope. In the days following September 11, 2001, our Embassy received an email from a Wellington mum sharing the following story:
“My son TK (who will be 4 years old next week) watched as the American flag outside the American Embassy was put to half mast yesterday morning. The Embassy is across the road from TK’s crèche, and after the flag was lowered, he asked why.
“His teachers explained to him that it was because lots of people had been hurt, and then the teachers suggested that the children take flowers over to the Embassy as a mark of respect.
“TK proudly carries his purple flowers forward and placed them beside the flag, then stood back and waited while his friends did the same. He waited, eyes on the flag. When his teachers told him it was time to go, he started crying. The teacher asked what the matter was. TK had thought that by putting the flowers under the flag that would make the people better and the flag would therefore rise again.
“TK was sad that the flowers didn’t help, so he also made 2 cardboard airplanes and asked me to send them to replace the ones that the bad men had broken.”
TK’s mum went on to say that she sent an email to United Airlines telling them about TK’s cardboard planes and offering her condolences. That email was circulated widely within the company, and a line manager in Chicago sent back an email saying:
“Touched does not begin to explain how I feel. During these hard times for us all, it helps to see the hope and goodness in our future generation. Your son must have a very kind heart.”
Yes, TK does have a very kind heart. And he’s not alone. There are millions of TKs out there, and they stepped up on the darkest of days when we needed them most.
It is in nurturing, protecting, and empowering those kind hearts that we find our best hope for building a positive legacy from the events we remember here today.
He aha te mea nui?
He tangata, he tangata, he tangata.
Kati ake i konei. Ma te Atua koutou e manaaki.
Looking Out to Sea at St Margaret-at-Cliffe
Image by antonychammond
History of St Margaret’s Bay
The readiest source of information about the history of St Margaret’s is a booklet titled "St Margaret’s Bay The Piccadilly of the Sea." This was originally written by J Harris Stone and published in 1910. An updated version was produced by John Jewell in 1980 and the latest revision by Jean Richardson was published in 2001. Copies of the booklet are available from the Village Shop at £2.50 each.
Here are some extracts:
"The Bay lies within the parish of St Margaret’s-at-Cliffe which appears in the Domesday Book as Sancta Margharita. From that time forward until the sixteenth century very little is known about the history of the parish, which is contained in a pocket of land around the South Foreland, to the south of the Dover/Deal road, and is bordered by three miles of the English Channel. To some extent the village can be described as off the map. There was no great house or noble family to record its history while its population was very small and few of them could read or write, so that it is doubtful whether any record was made.
……From Saxon times until the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the Priors of St Martins in Dover controlled the parish…It was at Dover that a start was made on compiling the Domesday Book. The Priors were the ones who built the village church some time between 1140 and 1296, on a Saxon foundation. Perhaps this great church and the surrounding village was used as a summer retreat for Benedictine monks and it has always been a puzzle to understand why such a small village should have such a large church…….
In 1367 a hermit monk, one Nicholas de Legh, is said to have kept a light burning in a cave to warn mariners of the dreaded Goodwins and Archbishop Langham granted forty days’ indulgence to all who contributed to the maintenance of the hermitage…..
In the parish records there is an interesting account dated 1696 of a shepherd who, being lost one night, fell over the cliff and was mortally injured, but he lived long enough to bequeath to the parish five roods of land to pay for the tolling of a curfew bell at 8 p.m. from Michaelmas to Lady Day in order to warn travellers if they walked too near the edge of the cliff……..Throughout the following centuries the villagers were concerned in smuggling. It is said that the church tower was used by a parish clerk to store the gear which was required to haul the contraband up the cliffs……
The census of 1821 showed 87 houses and a population of 613, including over a hundred boys at Dr Temple’s Academy. By 1873 there were 143 houses and a population of 820……
The first electric telegraph cable from England to France was laid in 1851, from the South Foreland, and electric light was tried at the lighthouse in 1859. The Channel Tunnel Company started test-boring here in 1865"
From late Victorian times St Margaret’s was developed as a holiday resort and a retreat for well to do citizens. Among those who have stayed or lived here are: Lord Arthur Cecil, Lord Byron, Admiral Seymour, Marie Corelli, Max Beerbohm, George Arlisss, Noel Coward, Ian Fleming and Peter Ustinov.
"… In May 1918 the last bomb dropped on England fell on St Margaret’s….When the war ended an obelisk was put up in 1921 at Leathercote Point with a matching one at Cap Gris Nez on the French coast, and a smaller one near the Brooklyn Bridge in New York, to honour the men of the three nations who took part in the Dover Patrol….
…..The coming of the Second World War had a profound effect on the parish…. All but necessary civilians were evacuated and the whole area was occupied by troops….the village was subject to almost daily shellfire and bombing until 1945. To the nation the area became known as Hell-fire Corner….. The gun emplacements included some old 16-inch naval guns called Winnie and Pooh which, when they fired, did more damage to local windows than they did to the enemy."
In the 1950s the village returned to life as a holiday retreat with the RAF camp transforming into a holiday camp. The population grew and many found work outside the village, particularly in the local ports which served the fast growing, continental motoring holiday traffic. Today the parish has a community of over 2,500.
La demeure de Mr. Audibert – 3
Image by _ alt3 _
Dans un quartier populaire de Narbonne, Mr. Audibert était un érudit passionné de musique, chimie, littérature, histoire, électronique… Sa maison, à l’abandon depuis sa mort, est marquée de ses nombreuses passions et sont autant de preuves de son étude du 20ème siècle.
In a neighborhood of Narbonne, Mr. Audibert was an avid scholar of music, chemistry, literature, history, electronics … His house abandoned since his death is marked by its many passions and are evidence of his study of the 20th century.
Newspapers both print and online publications as well as news websites illustrate business trends using a variety of data visualization tools. Integral to the display is the fact that these charts or maps require to be easy to comprehend and visually arresting enough to hold the readers’ attention. Most publications show business data with a worldwide perspective. In this respect, the usage of flash maps in order to illustrate or just facts allows for easy comparison and analysis.
Take for example the phenomenon of recession. One of the first questions that any individual has regarding this economic downturn is how the markets over the world has been affected. If one is to illustrate this data through attractive and comprehensive visualization the easiest method is to plot all the data on a map. Mapping software allows us to superimpose charts on a map which is an effective way to illustrate the data keeping geographical concerns in mind. Another and perhaps the more effective way to do it is to choose color ranges to correspond to data ranges and then use pin points to mark each city or country or market as desired. A mouse over option can be included which allows one to get to the actual chart displaying in greater detail the market calisthenics. The chart can also include a link to homepage of the market being studied which will provide more information with regard to the money metrics.
This kind of mapping can also be used in a 2D map for print purposes. In this case too, color coded markers can effectively illustrate the trends over the world. A 2D map is also a great place to place columns corresponding to the trends in each zone. While the make an otherwise dry set of data greatly attractive, it also becomes easily comprehensible.
A layman is easily distracted and confused by a set of numbers run without sufficient classification by newspapers and magazines. With respect to this concern, anything from commodities traded in to flourishing markets and dips in stock indexes can be illustrated using a world map or even the map of a country as a background to plot numbers on. Further analysis of a map allows us to relate trends with economic policies and market characteristics. Yet another advantage in using maps like this is the ability to choose a time line for review varying from a year right up to 100 years. Each year or set of years can be conveniently color-coded making a map that is visually stunning and simple to comprehend.
Magazines and newspapers are increasingly using flash mapping technology to churn out data visualization that does away with the need for words altogether. This business mapping software is succinct in its approach to data visualization and exceedingly accomplished in leaving the layman convinced and yet un-confused.
A Reality called Boom – Visions @ Boom 2014 *
Image by Sterneck
Photo-Reports by Wolfgang Sterneck
A Reality called Boom – Rhythms @ Boom 2014 *
A Reality called Boom – Visions @ Boom 2014 *
A Reality called Boom – Spiral Dance @ Boom 2014 *
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Idanha-a-Nova Lake – Portugal
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Boom is not only a festival, it is a state of mind. Inspired by the principles of Oneness, Peace, Creativity, Sustainability, Transcendence, Alternative Culture, Active Participation, Evolution and Love, it is a space where people from all over the world can converge to experience an alternative reality.
Boom is a festival dedicated to the Free Spirits from all over the world. It is the gathering of the global psychedelic tribe and of whoever feels the call to join in the celebrations!! Boom is a weeklong unpredictable and unforgettable adventure. It takes place, every two years, during August Full Moon, on the shores of a magnificent lake in the sunny Portuguese inland and every one is invited!
BOOM IS A MODEL OF ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS
An environmentally conscious event is a way to offer a concrete example that it is possible to live on this Planet in respect of Mother Earth and of one another. This is possible through a deep understanding of the cycles of life and humanity’s place within these cycles. Permaculture is a brilliant example of how such understanding can be turned into practice.
Boom’s pioneering Environmental Program applies the principles of Permaculture to every single aspect of the Festival production. Moreover Boom widely promotes knowledge and practices of sustainability through lectures, workshops and… practical example!
100% compost toilets (still to this day the only large event in the world to reach this result!); 100% on-site water treatment facilities, off-the-grid energy solutions, bio-construction, permaculture gardens, vegetable oil for the generators… these are just a few of the ground breaking projects that have granted Boom the most prestigious international prizes in environmental efficiency.
For further details please visit the environmental program page.
BOOM BELIEVES IN A BORDERLESS WORLD
Since its beginning in 1997, Boom is the home of the global nomadic tribe. Since then, it has grown organically by word of mouth into an incredibly culturally diverse festival, attracting people from 116 nationalities (2012). Boom is the celebration of the Earth’s multicolored Oneness. EVERY ONE is invited and EVERY ONE is called to consciously co-create a positive reality of Love and Peace, for us and for the next generations. We Are One!
BOOM BELIEVES IN TRANSCENDENCE THROUGH MUSIC
At Boom music is sacred. The dancefloors are temples where to transcend ordinary states of perception and the limitations of our egos. Through dance and music, we can reconnect to our own individual divine essence, while in synch with the beating heart of the whole tribe. All in One!
Scattered across four stages, music at Boom is as diverse as it gets: electronic, acoustic, classic, any style is welcome and represented in a different area, live concerts, djs sets, solo artists, bands… Boom started as a psytrance festival and has developed into an inclusive gathering, unveiling the surprising diversity of quality underground soundscapes.
Psytrance culture remains one of the inspiring sources of Boom’s vision and intention. And Boom remains as a testimony of the evolutionary potentials of such a culture.
Check the pages of the single areas for details on the different visions.
BOOM ACTIVATES TRANSFORMATION
Boom’s ultimate aim is to facilitate individual and collective transformation. The Boom experience has been conceived to activate the vital force directing every being towards the fulfillment of its highest potential. To reach this ambitious goal, Boom relies on the continuous exchange of radically innovative knowledge and practices by countless Boomers, musicians, artists, teachers, visionaries, healers, farmers, ecologists, wisdom keepers, researchers, scientists, activists
Besides the music stages and the countless art installations scattered all over the site, the other areas where Boom channels transformation are the Liminal Village, the Healing Area and the Visionary Art Museum. Here our hearts, bodies and minds can receive a full download of information through workshops, presentations, rituals and meditations Check the single areas’ pages for more details.
NO TO CORPORATE SPONSORS, CORPORATE LOGOS AND VIPs, YES TO INDEPENDENCE, SOLIDARITY AND CREATIVITY!!!
Boom is an autonomous zone of cognitive liberty and therefore is and will always be free from corporate sponsorship and logos. Boom is funded by the financial support of the thousands of people that buy the tickets and come to the festival.
Boom does not believe in VIP areas and special treatments, since every Boomer is a VIP! Boom adheres to the principle of ’thinking outside the box’, for the co-creation of novel ways of viewing reality and acting for its evolutionary unfolding.
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Die Boom ist nicht nur ein Festival – Sie ist ein Lebensstil
Es sind kleine Momente, in denen das Lernen stattfindet. Jene Momente in denen du versteht wie wichtig es ist, Fünfe einfach mal gerade sein zu lassen. Und jene Momente in denen dir klar wird, dass du es an anderen Stellen genauer nehmen musst. Diese kleinen Momente prägen dich, deine Einstellung und dein Handeln – und mit dir die Grundlage für große Veränderungen. Genau hier setzt die Idee der Boom an: Als schillernder Kristallisationspunkt einer Neo-Stammeskultur möchte sie inspirieren. Und zwar durch jene magische Erfahrung, die zwischen zeitgenössischer Musik, visionärer Kunst und intellektuell-spirituellem Input entsteht.
Veränderung fängt bei dir an, bei deiner Weltanschauung. Du bist der Flügelschlag des Schmetterlings, der am anderen Ende der Welt einen Wetterumschwung bewirkt. Lerne, deine Flügel zu gebrauchen!
Zu diesem Zweck kippen wir das Schubladensystem, das unseren Alltag bestimmt, einfach mal komplett aus. Und zwar mitten hinein in die sonnige, unverdorbene, nuklearfreie Natur Portugals. Dann nehmen wir uns 7 Tage lang Zeit, um spielerisch neue Denkwege und Handlungsweisen, um eine neue Ordnung zu erkunden. Das ist unsere Vision von psychedelischer Kultur und sie wollen wir aktiv vortreiben.
Auf unserer Webseite findet ihr ausführliche Informationen zu den freien Künsten, den multidimensionalen Installationen und den kreativen Liebensbomben, die auf unsere temporäre autonome Zone regnen werden.
Boom ist eine Lebenseinstellung – und sie lebt in euch, liebe Boomer!
Andere Länder, andere Lebensstile. Auf der Boom kannst du erleben wie inspirativ diese einfache Tatsache ist. Und zwar in konzentrierter Form: Im Jahr 2012 reisten Stammesangehörige aus 116 verschiedenen Ländern an, um in ihrer multikulturellen Mischung eine durchweg positive Vision für die Zukunft zu manifestieren: We Are One – Wir sind eins!
Die Kulisse für unser Stammestreffen gestaltet die wohl besten Dekorateurin überhaupt: Mutter Natur. Jene jahrhundertealte iberische Baumlandschaft der umliegenden Hügel, versonnene Gärten und der weitläufige See, in dem sich die Magie des August-Vollmonds spiegelt, schaffen ein einzigartiges Panorama.
Nachdem du dich in schwitzende Trance getanzt hast oder wenn dir die Wärme des portugiesischen Sommers zuviel werden sollte: Die nötige Erfrischung ist maximal ein paar hundert Meter entfernt – egal wo du gerade bist. Der große See bestimmt nicht nur das Bild der Boom, sondern auch ihre Stimmung. Wie beim Strandurlaub kannst du jene fließende Ruhe des Wassers aufsaugen, die dich sanft umspült.
DESIGN FÜR DEN GEIST
Das Liminal Village bietet Gelegenheit, dir dein Oberstübchen neu einzurichten: Mit Lebensphilosophie und praktischem Wissen. Im intellektuellen Brennpunkt der Boom finden Vorträge und Diskussionen zu Themen wie Aktivismus, Psychedelik, Freie Kultur, Rituale der Ahnen, Mythologie, Ökologie, Traumlandschaften, Permakultur, Trance, Heilige Pflanzen oder Alternative Medizin und Wissenschaft statt. Dazu waren in den letzten Jahren Referenten wie Vandana Shiva, Alex Grey, Daniel Pinchbeck, Graham Hancock, Robert Venosa, Erik Davis und Shipibo Don Guillermo Arevalo zu Gast. Ein Filmprogramm zur neuen, planetarischen Kultur bietet noch mehr Stimulation auf intellektueller Ebene.
Was ist psychedelische Kunst, was visionäre? Will sie die Eindrücke einer psychedelischen Erfahrung wiedergeben? Will sie ähnliche Emotions- und Assoziationsstrukturen auslösen wie eine Vision? Mach dir selbst ein Bild! In atemberaubender Vielfalt präsentieren einige der talentiertesten Maler von allen Kontinenten des Planeten ihre bewusstseinserweiternden Werke.
Bildende Kunst stößt die Pforten unserer Wahrnehmung weit auf und eröffnet uns so die Sicht auf Aspekte unserer Realität, welche normalerweise hinter dem Grauschleier des Alltags verborgen liegen. Um dich mitten hinein in dieses ästhetisch-surreale Paralleluniversum zu katapultieren, kommen überall auf dem Gelände Medien wie Malerei, Bildhauerei, Land Art oder Video zum Einsatz. Sie lassen deine Reise über die Boom zu einer Reise in eine außerirdische Welt von fremdartiger Schönheit werden.
Über verschiedene Tanzplätze verteilt verwirklicht die Boom ihre psychedelische Vision im Spektrum der hörbaren Frequenzen. Dabei entstehen viele verschiedene Rhythmus- und Harmonie-Texturen die alle darauf abzielen, deine Synapsen zu kitzeln, deine Fantasie zu stimulieren und dich zu beflügeln. Die Klanglandschaften der Boom erstrecken sich auf Genres wie Psytrance, Progressive, Dub, Bass Music, Dubstep, World Music, Glitch, Nu Funk, IDM, Cosmic oder Psy Brakes. In ihrer Gesamtheit schwingen sie sich zum kosmischen Groove der universellen Liebe auf!
Mit jedem Herzschlag der Boom bebt das portugiesische Hinterland. Im monumentalen Tanztempel verschmelzen utopische Zukunftsvisionen und das archaische Ritual des Stammenstanz zu einer einzigartigen Trance-Erfahrung. Um euer Bewusstsein dorthin zu schicken, wo Worte zu Hülsen und Bedeutungen zu Variablen werden, haben wir einige der besten DJs, Liveacts und Tribal Bands eingeladen, uns mit extralangen Sets zu verzaubern. Denn Qualität ist wichtiger ist als Masse. Mit viel Liebe zum Detail planen wir eine Reise durch jene multidimensionale Welt namens Psy, wobei wir in Regionen wie Dark, Twilight, Forest, Tribal, Prog, Full-On, Groovy Full-On, Goa und Nu-Goa vorstoßen.
Die Grundidee der Boom unterscheidet sich ganz erheblich von der einer kommerziellen Massenproduktion. Wir möchten raus aus dem Schattenreich des Egoismus, hinein in eine kollektive Erfahrung. Mithilfe von DJs, VJs, Dekorateuren, Designern und -am allerwichtigsten- mithilfe von euch, den Boomern. Auf dass wir unsere multikulturelle kreative Energie zu einer wahrhaft großen Erfahrung vereinen: Wir sind eins!
Auf der Boom werden die Erkenntnisse und Prinzipien der Permakultur in ein Festival umgesetzt. So wird ganz konkret erfahrbar: Auch große, internationale Menschenansammlungen lassen sich mit maximalem Respekt vor unserer heiligen Mutter Natur vereinbaren. Dieser Ansatz wurde in den Jahren 2008 und 2010 mit dem Greener Festival Award ausgezeichnet, 2010 und 2012 außerdem mit dem European Festival Award.
Auf der Boom kommen ausschließlich Komposttoiletten zum Einsatz. Das Nutzwasser wird mithilfe von Pflanzen zu 100% wiederaufbereitet. Es gibt kostenlose Taschenaschenbecher. Für die Generatoren wird gebrauchtes Pflanzenöl verwendet. Außerdem nutzen wir Technologien wie Solarenergie, Windräder, Biobau und ökologische Abwasserentsorgung, die jedes Jahr weiterentwickelt werden. Auch hier gilt: Die Boom seid ihr, die Boomer. Tragt bitte dazu bei, dass sie ein nachhaltiges Festival ist. Respektiert Mutter Natur und hinterlasst keinen Müll!
Anreize für spirituell-sozialen Aktivismus, die sich in Form von Yoga, Ayurveda, Tai Chi, Kung Fu, Watsu, Therapien, alternativen Heilmethoden und ganzheitlichen Lehren manifestieren. Auch das ist ein zentraler Aspekt unserer Vision. Denn die Harmonie zwischen Geist und Körper ist ein erster Schritt in Richtung globale Harmonie.
Freies Wasser. Freies Camping. Freier Wohnmobil-Park. Babyboom für die jüngsten Boomer (bring deine Familie mit zur Boom!) Freie medizinische Versorgung. Freies WIFI. Schließfächer. Boom-Busshuttle von den Flughäfen Lissabon und Madrid. 100% Komposttoiletten. 100% Aufbereitung des Duschabwassers mithilfe von Pflanzen. Ayurvedische Apotheke. Spezielle Einrichtungen für Behinderte. Lebensmittelgeschäft. Gemeinschaftsküchen. Und vieles, vieles mehr!
Die Boom finanziert sich einzig und allein über den Ticketverkauf, sie ist frei von jeglichem Firmen-Sponsoring und wird es immer sein. Auch in dieser Hinsicht möchten wir einen Freiraum schaffen, in dem sich der menschliche Geist unbefangen ausbreiten und entfalten kann.
Obwohl das Boom Team den Rahmen schafft – das eigentliche Erlebnis, die eigentliche Inspiration und der eigentliche Geist lebt in euch. Denn ihr seid die Energie, ausgehend von euch kann sich diese Welt ändern.
Wir möchten die Einrichtungen und Angebote für Behinderte weiterentwickeln. Wenn du oder jemand deiner Freunde behindert ist, sendet uns bitte bis Juni 2014 eine Email um optimale Bedingungen zu garantieren: email@example.com
Unser globaler Stamm ist in vielen verschiedenen Ländern zuhause, in denen ganz unterschiedliche Einkommensverhältnisse herrschen. Außerdem leben wir in Zeiten des finanziellen Abschwungs. Wir waren sehr betroffen als wir nach der Boom 2012 hörten, dass einige Menschen schlichtweg nicht genug Geld aufbringen konnten um Teil der kollektiven Erfahrung zu sein. Deshalb haben wir uns entschieden, auf diese Tatsache mit einem flexiblen Eintrittsmodell zu reagieren. Es gibt spezielle Ticketpreise für Länder außerhalb der Europäischen Union, der USA, Kanada, Australien, Neuseeland und Japan. Außerdem für jene Länder, die aktuell die ökonomischen Spekulationen der Rating-Agenturen und der IMF durchlaufen: Portugal, Irland, Griechenland und Spanien. Diese Tickets sind nur bei den Boom Botschaftern des jeweiligen Landes erhältlich, nicht über die Webseite der Boom.
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Sutherland Constabulary – Constable Alexander Ross 1904
Image by conner395
2,000 views on 19th December 2013
1,000 views on 1st October 2013
PROLOGUE: Inspector George Bridgeford of the Sutherland Constabulary does NOT feature in this pair of photographs – but I thought he deserved mention at the outset, as he does feature in the following story.
Also, on reflection, it struck me that this story takes one back from policing of today right back to the earliest days, in only four “generations (Mr Bridgeford 1868-1904, Alex Ross 1904-1937, Kenneth Ross 1930s to 1977, and my own career 1973-2003 and still with some law enforcement connection, such as through the pipe band)
NOW THE STORY:
George Bridgeford had been involved in the “New Police” in Scotland since its inception – when he had enlisted in the Aberdeenshire Constabulary back in 1858. Then, as Deputy Chief Constable of the Sutherland constabulary (since 1862) he had seen much, and his memoirs would have been a good read, had he written them. Aged only 27 years upon his arrival in Sutherland, he would go on to serve no less than 42 years in the Sutherland Constabulary, finally retiring in November 1904 – when he reached the age of 69.
He had seen the gold fever in full swing in the Strath of Kildonan, the rise and fall of the Herring Fishery at Helmsdale, the railway arrive in Sutherland and pass on through northwards, and of course the land agitation which had greatly affected the Crofting counties. In that time he would see off three Chief Constables, and had played a most active part in the hiring of recruits to the force. What he probably never realised was one of last duties in the job would be also historically significant too – albeit nearly 60 years ahead.
To explain – The last man appointed to the Sutherland Force before Mr Bridgeford retired was the man in the photographs, namely Alexander Ross, a Carpenter from Lairg. He joined the Force on 18 July 1904 when 20 years of age. After initial training at Headquarters in Dornoch (doubtless under the tutelage of Mr Bridgeford) he was posted to the nearby village of Embo in August 1904.
The photograph of PC Ross wearing the kepi (also known as tshako or pill-box) hat was taken by an Inverness photographer, and I wonder whether it was taken in a travelling studio, as the opening of the railway line to Dornoch (and Embo – Granny’s Heilan’ Hame) had occurred in 1902 and the area was already a popular tourist resort. He is wearing collar number 12 (see below re numbering). Were it not for the fact that I know who he is, and what force I would have said he was a member of the Inverness-shire Constabulary, as the uniform and insignia is identical to that latter force at that time. Hardly, surprising that, as the Chief of Inverness-shire (Alexander McHardy, since 1882) had been previously Chief constable of Sutherland, – and the Chief Constable of Sutherland (Malcolm Macdonald, since 1887) had previously been an Inspector in Inverness-shire. Both chiefs were very interested in Highland sports so they clearly dropped in on each other to share ideas!
Anyway, back to the story. In March 1905 PC Ross moved to Helmsdale and while there he passed his St Andrew’s Ambulance Certificate in First Aid, in March 1906. In the photograph of PC Ross wearing the flat cap (taken in Helmsdale by the local photographer) he is proudly displaying the First Aid arm badge. As he moved to Rogart in June that same year, we can safely assume that such photograph was taken in 1906. (Mr MacDonald had died unexpectedly in February 1906, and his successor was another Inverness-shire man, Supt Hugh Chisholm). The uniform reflects what Inverness-shire were wearing by this time, the tshako have gone, and it does look like PC Ross is wearing a brand new issue of uniform which fits him properly. (I suspect in the tshako photo, he – like me when I joined the job 69 years afterwards – was initially provided with used uniform from the store cupboard, until one was made for him in due course in the next financial year), The swagger stick or cane is new to me – unless it is a prop provided by the photographer.
Ah, yes, the numbering. He is by now wearing “15”. Why the change? Well, the story goes that at some stage (possibly THIS stage!) in the history of the Sutherland force, an officer from out at one of the far distant stations arrived at HQ in Dornoch, which was a rarity for him. It might have been a Court attendance, or an HMI Inspection, but either way his visits to HQ were few and far between. It was only when he was standing in the Headquarters with other officers that someone noticed that he and another officer were both wearing the exact same collar numbers. Given that Sutherland was a small force in terms of numbers, that may be considered surprising, but given its area and the few occasions when several men were met in the one place, it is definitely possible.
Also, Administration tended to be a little lax in terms of Personnel Records – some transfers were not recorded or were devoid of date, as though input much later and from (fading) memory. It may be that this was the domain of George Bridgeford, who did run a tight ship but was getting old – remember he retired at age 69 in November 1904 – and likely kept much information only in his head. Who needs to keep a list of collar numbers when the whole force only amounts to 15 or 16 (excluding Chief and Deputy). If that WAS the case, then the junior officer would have to change, which would explain the 15 instead of 12.
Following six months at Rogart, Alexander Ross was transferred again, to Durness – about as far as you can go to the North West in Mainland Scotland – before moving again, in April 1908, to Melvich on the north coast. While there, his son Kenneth was born, on 14 January 1912. We will hear more of Kenneth Ross later, which will explain why his father’s career is so detailed herein.
In May 1913 PC Alexander Ross had moved along the coast again to Tongue, before being shifted back to Helmsdale in April 1920. That was to be his final posting, retiring from the service there on 3 August 1937 after 33 years service.
So there the story ends – well no it doesn’t actually.
Chief Constable Chisholm was the first Chief Officer of Sutherland to retire on pension, which he did on 15 May 1933, at the age of 70 years. He had been Chief Constable for 27 of his 50 years Police Service. His departure must have been flagged well in advance, as the Police Committee were able to have his successor appointed prior to his retiral.
Douglas George Ross was the man chosen to lead the Sutherland Constabulary. Despite his Scottish name, he had been born in England, at Ramsgate in Kent on 6 April 1897. After active service with the Royal Scots between 1915 and 1919, he had been appointed to City of Manchester Police in 1920. He then transferred to Edinburgh City Police in 1922, and there rose through the ranks to Superintendent. So, aged 37 years and with 13 years Police Service, he took over at Dornoch on 5th May 1933.
Mr Ross’s family appear to have set some kind of a record in that three members of his family were Chief Constables at the same time. Roderick Ross, Chief Constable of the City of Edinburgh, from 1900 to 1935, was Douglas Ross’s father. Douglas’s brother was Donald Ross, who was Chief Constable of Argyll from 1927 to 1961. Roderick Ross CVO CBE KPM (24 May 1865–6 March 1943) ncidentally bore a remarkable resemblance to King Edward VII, and was born at West Helmsdale, the son of a crofter and grandson of a Chelsea Pensioner evicted from the Strath of Kildonan.
Note: There is NO relationship between this family of Rosses and that of PC Alexander Ross referred to earlier.
Douglas Ross continued as Chief Constable for 29 years, when he retired and took his pension on 5th April 1962, the day before his 65th birthday. Plans were already afoot to merge the Sutherland Constabulary with its neighbouring Force, Ross & Cromarty, to form the Ross & Sutherland Constabulary. Despite that, recruitment of a replacement Chief Constable went ahead.
Where other such instances have arisen in recent times, such a situation has not have been permitted, and ad interim the Deputy Chief Constable would be appointed Acting Chief Constable for the period up until amalgamation. This could not happen in Sutherland, since Inspector (and DCC) Thom would retire on 1 November 1962, on reaching the age of 60.
The County of Sutherland appointed Kenneth Ross, BL, as its last Chief Constable, and he took up his appointment with effect from 6 April 1962. He went on to be the first (and only) Chief Constable of the Ross & Sutherland Constabulary, when that new force was formed on 16 May 1963.
When that Force in turn was merged with its neighbours on 16 May 1975 to form the present Northern Constabulary, Mr Ross became Assistant Chief Constable of the new Force until his retiral in January 1977.
Mr Kenneth Ross, who had served in the Renfrew & Bute Constabulary where he reached the rank of Detective Chief Inspector, was ‘coming home’ when he moved to Dornoch as Chief Constable. A ‘son of the nick’, his father was none other than Constable Alexander Ross, who had served as a Constable in Sutherland between 1904 and 1937, and whose career is detailed above.
Kenneth Ross studied law while working in the Sutherland County Council Offices in Golspie as a young man, before going to Renfrewshire to join the Police. He completed his studies in his own time, but chose to remain in the Police service rather than accept a call to the bar.
Sutherland’s Constabulary had grown considerably from its original eight men who made up the new Sutherlandshire Constabulary on 16 March 1858, and to whom George Bridgeford became Sergeant and Deputy Chief Constable (then the only promoted rank apart from the Chief) four years later. The Force had grown in just over a century to an authorised strength in March 1963 of 35 officers:
Chief Constable, 2 Inspectors, 7 Sergeants, 24 Constables (male); and 1 Policewoman. That establishment was authorised early in 1963, and is a marked increase compared to the actual disposition of the Force as at 31 December1962. Then there was only a total of 25 officers of all ranks (all male).
1858 – 1862 – 1904 – 1937 – 1962 – 1977 – 2003 ……… how time flies!
Image by Old Sarge
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